|The haunting words
of George Santayana reminds
us that the lessons of history are invaluable in determining the
course of the future: "Those who forget the past are
condemned to repeat it."
was the systematic annihilation of six million Jews during World
War 2. In 1933 nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of
Europe that would be occupied by Nazi Germany during the war. By
1945 two out of every three European Jews had been killed. The
European Jews were the primary victims of the Holocaust - but
Jews were not the only group singled out for persecution by Adolf
As many as one-half million Gypsies, at least 250,000 mentally
or physically disabled persons, and more than three million
Soviet prisoners-of-war also fell victim to Nazi genocide.
Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, Social Democrats,
Communists, partisans, trade unionists, Polish intelligentsia
and other undesirables were also victims of the hate and
aggression carried out by the Nazis.